Matt Ridley, "Deep Optimism"

Podcasts

Undeniable Progress

A Summary by Stewart Brand

Hominids had upright walking, stone tools, fire, even language but still remained in profound stasis. What led to humanity’s global takeoff, Ridley argues, was the invention of exchange about 120,000 years ago. “That’s ten times older than agriculture.”

The beginnings of trade encouraged specialization and innovation, which encouraged further innovation, specialization, and trade, and the unending virtuous cycle of…

Read the rest of Stewart Brand’s Summary here.

You can also read a summary by Kevin Kelly Here.

Share on Facebook Share on Twitter

More from Announcements

What is the long now?

The Long Now Foundation is a nonprofit established in 01996 to foster long-term thinking. Our work encourages imagination at the timescale of civilization — the next and last 10,000 years — a timespan we call the long now.

Learn more

Long Now's website is changing...